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Everything You Need To Know About: SKIN TYPES

By now you’ve probably heard about the different skin types and you might be wondering what they really mean or how you tell which one you have. Well, have no fear! RenewSelf is here to teach you everything you need to know about the four different skin types and how to learn which one you have.

If you don’t know what skin type you have, check out our blog post about how to determine your skin type.

Normal Skin

Normal skin is neither too oily nor too dry. If you have normal skin, you’ll have few imperfections and barely visible pores. To the touch, normal skin is soft with an overall smooth texture.

Normal skin does not mean perfect skin. All skin is susceptible to damage, including normal skin. People with normal skin still need to maintain and take care of their skin through a well-rounded skincare routine. 

Caring for Normal Skin

People with normal skin should have a skincare routine that incorporates a non-irritating and non-drying cleanser. This will help remove built-up dirt and oil and prevent breakouts. Moisturizers are also important for people with normal skin. Maintaining skin hydration is vital for all skin types. Normal skin can also benefit from using treatments and serums that help target your problem areas. These may include treating aging, scarring, or uneven colouring. 

As always, you should use a minimum SPF 15 sunscreen (regardless of skin type) to protect against sun damage.

Dry Skin

Dry skin lacks a lot of the natural moisture that normal skin has. This skin type produces less sebum (oils produced by the skin’s sebaceous glands), which means the skin struggles to maintain its moisture levels. People with dry skin may notice their face is dull or rough in texture. The skin often feels tight or itchy. Redness, blotchy spots, and flaking are common among those with dry skin.

Experts say that women are more likely to have dry skin than men and all skin gets drier as one ages. That said, dry skin can and does affect people of all sexes and ages.

Caring for Dry Skin

Cleansing is especially important for those with dry skin, because it helps to remove dirt and debris from the face. If you have dry skin, you should look for a non-foaming or hydrating cleanser. These will help clean your skin without drying your skin further. There are cleansers that are marketed to and labelled for dry skin, so look for these.

Use treatments and serums to target your problem areas, but also look for products that help add moisture to skin. Oils and glycols will be your best friends here. For those with dry skin, a skincare routine should definitely include moisturizer. This is vital to helping your skin get as much moisturizer as possible. Use moisturizer in the mornings and at night, every day. For the evening routine especially, look for a 12-hour moisturizer. These will help keep your skin hydrated at night.

All skin types need SPF to avoid serious sun damage. Look for a hydrating sunscreen to include as the last step of your morning routine.

Oily Skin

While dry skin does not produce enough sebum, oily skin produces too much. This skin type is often shiny or greasy in appearance and can have larger pores that become easily clogged or enlarged. Those with oily skin tend to suffer from  frequent breakouts and acne.

Oily skin is found in people of all ages, although it is more common in teenagers. Warm or humid weather can also cause skin to become more oily.

Caring for Oily Skin

While many products may make skin feel less oily, they may not necessarily be improving your complexion. Prioritize products that will help your skin in the long run over those that make it feel good in the moment. If you have oily skin, you should use a cleanser twice a day — in the morning and at night. Try to use a gentle foaming cleanser made specifically for those with oily skin. 

If you have oily skin, you will also want to consider treatments that help soothe and hydrate in combination with ones that target their areas of concern. Oily skin certainly does not mean your skin has no need for hydration, so be sure to use a moisturizer daily. Look for oil-free products to avoid adding more oil to your skin. 

Finally, oily skin needs SPF protection. Use an oil-free and non greasy sunscreen with an SPF every day.

Combination Skin

Combination is the most common skin type. Combination skin has both oily and dry areas, which can make it harder to identify and more demanding to take care of. People with combination skin typically find their skin is oily and their pores are larger in their T-Zone (forehead, nose, chin area), whereas the rest of their face is dry. 

Combination skin is oily in the T-Zone and dry or normal elsewhere.

Because combination skin is a mixture of different skin types, it can be tricky to develop a routine that works. It’s important to realize that sometimes you will need to have different routines and different products for each area of your face.

Caring for Combination Skin

People with combination skin still need to use a cleanser, although which one will vary person to person. Test out cleansers designed for both oily and dry skin to determine what works best for you. If needed, you can use a cleanser for oily skin in your T-Zone and one for dry skin everywhere else. Everyone needs to moisturize every day, including those with Combination Skin. Look for lightweight moisturizers that still provide deep face hydration. Another option is to use two different moisturizers on different parts of your face, depending on your needs.

Remember that, while having two different products may seem expensive, you’ll go through each much slower than if it was your sole product. The price will even out over time.

Use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 everyday to protect your skin from damaging sun exposure. 

All skin types are beautiful; you just have to know how to take care of yours. 

For more help with any skin type, contact Cristina at RenewSelf by phone (905-339-0312) or email (info@renewselfmedspa.ca). 

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